Tooth decay, also known as dental caries, is a common problem affecting the oral health of children and adults. It can cause pain, discomfort and complications if not treated in time. Here are the causes, symptoms, consequences and treatments of rotting teeth, as well as effective prevention methods.
Why do your teeth rot?
Bad eating habits are one of the main causes of tooth decay. Excessive consumption of sugar-rich foods and beverages encourages the growth of bacteria in the mouth, producing acids that attack tooth enamel. Frequent snacking and smoking can also contribute to the problem.
Causes related to oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is another major factor in the development of tooth decay. Lack of regular brushing and incorrect use of dental floss or interdental brushes allow plaque to build up on teeth and gums. This plaque then turns into tartar, making cleaning more difficult and increasing the risk of cavities.
Recognizing the symptoms of rotting teeth
Early signs of tooth decay should be detected to avoid complications. Early symptoms include increased sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, the appearance of white stains on the teeth and a bad taste in the mouth.
As decay progresses, symptoms become more severe. You may experience intense pain when chewing, visible holes in the teeth, and even dental abscesses caused by bacterial infections. In some cases, there may be inflammation of the gums and persistent bad breath.
The health consequences of rotting teeth
Oral and dental consequences
Untreated rotting teeth can lead to a variety of oral problems, including gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), tooth loss and periodontal disease. These problems can affect chewing, speech and the aesthetics of the smile.
Consequences for general health
Tooth decay can also have a negative impact on your general health. Studies have shown a relationship between oral disease and certain medical conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and respiratory disorders.
How to treat rotten teeth
Fillings and crowns
Treatment of rotten teeth depends on the stage of decay. In the early stages, the dentist may perform a filling to eliminate the decay and restore the tooth’s function. If decay is more advanced, a crown may be necessary to protect the remaining tooth.
Extractions and prostheses
In severe cases, extraction of the decayed tooth may be necessary. Once the tooth has been extracted, there are several replacement options, such as partial or complete dentures or dental implants.
Preventing tooth decay
Good oral hygiene is essential to prevent tooth decay. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, use dental floss or interdental brushes daily, and visit your dentist regularly for professional check-ups and cleanings.
A healthy diet
Eating a balanced diet and limiting sugary foods and drinks can help reduce the risk of cavities. Opt for foods rich in vitamins and minerals, such as fruit, vegetables, dairy products and lean protein sources.
When to see a dentist
It’s advisable to consult your dentist as soon as you notice symptoms of tooth decay. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to avoid potentially serious complications.
What to remember? Maintaining good oral health is key to preventing and treating tooth decay. Adopt rigorous oral hygiene and a healthy diet, and don’t hesitate to consult your dentist in the event of symptoms or for regular check-ups. Your smile and overall health will thank you!